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catla fish growth period

The marginal increase in calcium hardness and magnesium hardness were observed during culture period  and the values were within the acceptable limit. Rain water harvesting can be achieved by using predesigned catchment areas to increase the efficiency of runoff and maximize the amount of collected rainfall.13 The fate of millions of rain-fed farms is greatly improved by adopting the effective rainwater conservation and management practices.14 Water quality influences health, survival, growth and production of fishes.15 The temperature of the green water system with harvested rain water in the experimental cement tanks ranged from 22.5 to 23.3 oC in all the treatments during experimental period. Submission Flow Shrimp and carp aquaculture and the environment. India Study Report. In this area, stunted juveniles (i.e. Manila, Asian Development Bank and Bangkok, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific. Similar observations were also found in glass aquaria15 and in outdoor concrete tank.12 However, the variation in the growth and survival between all the above mentioned studies and present study may be due to the variation in stocking density, feed composition and feed type in culture system. 578. Asian Fishery Society Indian Branch, Mangalore, India. Open Access Policy Taxonomy [ edit ] The catla was formerly listed as the only species in the genus Catla , … In: Regional Study and Workshop on Aquaculture sustainability and the Environment. The dissolved oxygen was found to decrease over the culture period in all the densities. © 2020 Current Agriculture Research Journal. The maximum average length gain of 357.89±3.08% were observed in T1. Thane, Maharashtra & Tripathi, S.D. Jena, J.K., Aravindakshan, P.K. Greyish on back and flanks, silvery-white below; fins dusky. While carp pituitary extract has been the common inducing agent used since the development of the induced breeding technology, several synthetic commercial formulations of purified salmon gonadotropin and dopamine antagonist such as Ovaprim, Ovatide and Wova-FH have also been successfully used in recent years. Pillay T.V.R., Kutty M.N., Aquaculture Principles and Practices, 4. The Catla fish is bred and cultivated mainly for food. 1991. Mohanty R.K., Verma H.N., Brahmanand P.S., Performance evaluation of rice-fish integration system in rain fed medium land ecosystem, Aquaculture. An experiment was conducted to determine the growth performance of Catla catla fingerlings during 90-day sub-lethal copper (Cu) exposure. Long-distance transport of these ice-packed fish in insulated vans is a common practice in countries like India, where catla are even transported over 3000 km by road to fish-deficit regions. Webber H., Riordan P.E., Criteria for candidate species for Aquaculture, Aquaculture 7:107-123 (1976). The growth in terms of Total Length (TL) of Catla larvae from The level of adoption of these practices varies from country to country, depending mainly on the resource availability and the economic status of the farmers. Application of the principles of Article 9 of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries would be appropriate. The experiment was conducted up to 16 days for the spawn to attain the fry stage. National Freshwater Aquaculture Development Plan.CIFA, Bhubaneswar, India, 75 pp. Rate of growth: Fish which grow to a larger size in shorter period are suitable for culture. Local names of catla fish in India: … Popularity of commercial catla fish farming is very high mainly due to it’s fast growth rate, great taste and nutrition and also high market demand. Swain S.K., Sarangi N., Ayyapan S., Ornamental Fish Farming, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, 141(2010). The production levels recorded in carp polyculture systems usually remain at 3-5 tonnes/ha/yr, with catla contributing about 20-30 percent of the biomass. Choudhury, S.N. Bhubaneswar.CIFA. Rearing of Freshwater Fish ‘Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822)’ Spawn to Fry in Green Water System with Harvested Rain Water in Cement Tanks, Early Breeding and Seed Production of Indian Major Carps: Attributes of the Innovation from an Adaptive Trial, Effect of Different Varieties and Planting Time on Kharif Onion Production in Lower Shivalik Hills of Himachal Pradesh, Publication ethics and malpractice statement, Correction, Retraction, Withdrawal policies, http://www.agriculturejournal.org/?p=2255, Evaluation of Traditional and Modernized Pest Control Methods Used by Smallholder Farmers in Malawi, Exogenous Probiotics on Biofloc based Aquaculture: A Review, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The water quality parameters were found to be within an optimum range during the spawn to fry stage rearing period of 16 days in green water system with harvested rain water in cement tank. The female Rohu lays 3 lakh eggs approximately. Daily green water with mixed planktons was added in the experimental tank at the rate of 5% through daily exchange of 5% water from each experimental tank. The treatment 1. During the first week of monsoon the roof was cleaned with rain water and then in second week of monsoon rain water was harvested and stored in three different rectangular cement tanks with a total storage capacity of 1, 50,000 l. As per the requirement, harvested rain water was taken into the experimental cement tank. The growth of mrigal is poorer than that of catla or rohu. 1995. The fish are also transported in insulated vans with ice to fish-deficit areas of even 2 000-3 000 km distance from the production site. A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial or recreational value. The rain water falling on the roof of hatchery building was collected in cement tank through (U shaped) roof gutters attached to the edges of building roof (Figure 1). The maximum and minimum average length gain, weight gain, specific growth rate, survival values were 357.89±3.08%, 779.53±18.03%, 5.56±0.08%, 45.20±0.13% and 240.68 ±4.68%,512.70±20.87%,4.62±0.09%.26.50±0.07 % in T1 and T4 respectively. Manila, Asian Development Bank & Bangkok, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific. Fish and Fisheries of India. Boyd C. E. Water quality in warm water fish ponds, Auburn University, USA. Mixed plankton culture was maintained by adding inoculum obtained from Bhairi Temple Lake, nearby to the experimental station, to the harvested rain water. The overall observations and results of this present study showed that underutilized rain water can be used for rearing freshwater fish seed by developing green water system in cemented tanks. Improvements in induced breeding and seed production, which have removed the reliance on the capture of natural riverine seed. Manila, Asian Development Bank & Bangkok, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific. 83-133. However, low breeding response of catla has been experienced in several regions; this, together with the low survival of this species in the nursery stages compared to rohu and mrigal, sometimes leads to shortages in seed supply. ), Proceedings of the workshop on carp seed production technology, pp. A powdered mixture of rice bran and oilcake is the common supplementary feed. 2001. Khoke, U.C. The overall survival in these fingerling rearing systems ranges from 60 to 70 percent. Cast nets are another important gear frequently used for partial harvesting of fish in small and backyard ponds. Catla fry are reared along with rohu and mrigala in equal proportions at combined densities of 0.2-0.3 million fry/ha. Singh, D.M. Catla is endemic to the riverine system in northern India, Indus plain and adjoining hills of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar, and has been introduced later into almost all riverine systems, reservoirs and tanks all over India. Pandey P.K., Panda S.N., Panigrahi B., Sizing on-farm reservoir for crop-    fish integration in rain fed farming systems in Eastern India. Mohanty R.K., Density-dependent growth performance of Indian major carps in rainwater reservoirs. Genus: Catla Species: Catla Catla fish is the one of the popular fresh water fishes grown throughout india and identified as a indian carp. Sustainable freshwater aquaculture in India.In: T. J. Pandian (ed. Gopakumar, K., Ayyappan, S., Jena, J.K., Sahoo, S.K., Sarkar, S.K., Satapathy, B.B. Breeding of Rohu: Generally, Rohu fish attains maturity at three years of age. & Singh, W.J. Rohu do not grow as rapidly as catla or the Chinese major carp, attaining around 500–1000 g in the first year under good farm conditions. Development of processing and value-added products. Jayaram, K.C. Whereas T4 showed the minimum average length gain of 240.68±4.68%, which showed significantly different (P<0.05) among all the treatments of stocking densities. • Black spot disease: Small spots of black color are seen on the body. Green water system, in which green algae consisting of planktons are allowed to grow and make available natural microscopic food to the fish larvae.6 Green water tank culture of tilapia is an appropriate method for producing commercial level of tilapia, as phytoplankton and other small microscopic organism available within the water column are grazed on by tilapia and it helps to recycling waste nutrients and lowering feed conversion ratios.7 Green water system provides plankton feeds to fish, shrimp and shellfish in the world’s most widespread and sustainable aquaculture approach.8. The Catla catla, Material and Methods. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, India. The gut microbiota of catla fish in case of TSA agar media ranged from 1.1~2.5×105 to 3.3~7.2×106 CFU/mL and in case of MRS agar media 1.0~3.0×103 to 3.4~5.2×104 CFU/mL were estimated. 1995. After the experimental period, there was a significant decrease in anaerobic bacteria and a significant colonization of candidate probiotics in guts of fish fed with flocculated algae‐enriched Artemia. The present study deals with the “Age, Growth and Harvestable size of Catla catla (Ham.) The natural distribution of catla seems to be governed by temperature dependency rather than latitude and longitude. The average ammonia-nitrogen, nitrite-nitrogen and nitrate-nitrogen (mg l-1) ranged between values of 0.003-0.05, 0.002-0.005 and 0.20-0.42 mg l-1 during experimental period. Observations on the water quality revealed that the dissolved oxygen value decreased with an increased stocking density. 32, FAO, Rome, Italy. Radhakrishnan (eds. Freshje Enterprises Thane West, Thane 1130/2, Dongripada, Near Buddha Mandir G. B. Curr Agri Res 2017;5(1). Samuel M.P., Satapathy K.K., Concerted rainwater harvesting technologies suitable for hilly agro-ecosystems of Northeast India, Current Science, 95:1130-1132 (2008). Road Thane, West Mumbai, Thane West, Thane - 400607, Dist. In a two-species commercial carp production system practised in the Koleru lake region of Andhra Pradesh, the major carp producing region in India, stocked catla constitute 20-30 percent of the total, the rest being rohu. doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CARJ.5.1.08, Bhoye B. P, Chavan B. R, Sadavarte V. R, Dhamagaye H. B, Kamble M. T, Sawant B. T. Rearing of Freshwater Fish ‘Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822)’ Spawn to Fry in Green Water System with Harvested Rain Water in Cement Tanks. Fingerlings of three major carps viz. At the end of the experimental period, the growth performance parameters such as weight gain, specific growth rate, length gain and survival rate of Catla catla fry, grown in green water system with harvested rain water in cement tanks (Table 2, Figure 3). Condition factor of control fish reveals that weight gain was maximum in relation to length of fish as compared to fish kept under … Myanmar Study Report. from Lake Pichhola, Udaipur, Rajasthan”. In: Regional Study and Workshop on Aquaculture sustainability and the Environment. Key words: Aflatoxin B1, contaminated feed, growth, vital organs, Catla catla fry. Gastrosomatic indices were found to be higher during winter months as compared to summer. Konkan Agricultural University), Ratnagiri, M.S., India, Pin-415629. & Jhingran, A.G. 1991. The increased values of ammonia with the increase in the stocking density were reported by.17 Ammonia less than 0.05 mg l-1 as NH3-N, nitrite less than 0.02 mg l-1 as NO2-N and nitrate less than 50 mg l-1as NO2-N are found to be optimal for most of the freshwater fishes.20 The water provided was of good quality throughout the experimental period water quality has a complex side effect on high stocking density.21. 1968. Except for icing for transport, post-harvest processing is almost non-existent. Pre-stocking nursery pond preparation includes the removal of aquatic weeds and predatory fishes, followed by liming and fertilization with organic manures and inorganic fertilizers. The results of the study indicated that the maximum average length gain was (357.89±3.08%), weight gain (779.53±18.03%), specific growth rate (5.56±0.08%) and survival (45.20±0.13%) and were recorded significantly (P<0.05) at stocking density of 6 spawn l-1 as compared to the other stocking densities. The growth of spawn to fry was observed to decrease with increase in the stocking density. Martin J. M., Rakoy J. E., Milliam M. C., Green water tank culture of Tilapia, Proceedings of the 50. Water Research, 7:987-993 (1973). Eg. (T1:6 spawn l-1, T2:8 spawn l-1, T3:10 spawn l-1 and T4:12 spawn l-1). Applied Ichthyololy, 20:123-127 (2004). Fingerlings of Catla catla of relatively same size ranging from (8 to10 cm) and weight about (5-8 gm) were collected from culture ponds of Bharath Fish Farm, Poondi, Thiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu. The daily average calcium hardness and magnesium hardness ranged between values of 14-14.9 and 17.9-18.91 mg l-1 respectively. [Draft report], Pathak, S.C. & Palanisamy, K. 1995. 99 pp. The fork and total length increments were also negative for Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala. Aquaculture Living resources, 2 81-89 (1989). Allometric growth is positive when b>1 and negative when b<1 (Snik et al., 1997). Jhingran, V.G. catla fish benefits, catla fish growth period, catla fish in hindi, catla fish price, catla fish eggs, catla fish farming profit, catla catla characters, big catla fish, big catla fish catching, When synthetic formulations are used, a single dose of 0.4-0.5 ml/kg BW (females) or 0.2-0.3 ml/kg (males) is administered. Normally, the grow-out period is one year, during which it grows to about 1.0 kg. Body short and deep, somewhat laterally compressed, its depth more than head length; head very large, its depth exceeding half the head length; body with conspicuously large cycloid scales, head devoid of scales; snout bluntly rounded; eyes large and visible from underside of the head; mouth wide and upturned with prominent protruding lower jaw; upper lip absent, lower lip very thick; no barbels; lower jaw with a movable articulation at symphysis, without a prominent process; gill rakers long and fine; pharyngeal teeth in three row, 5.3.2/2.3.5 pattern; dorsal fin inserted slightly in advance of pelvic fins, with 14 to 16 branched rays, the simple rays non-osseous; anal fin short; pectoral fins long extending to pelvic fins; caudal fin forked; lateral line with 40 to 43 scales. On an average, a female catla fish contains about 2 to 3 million eggs. Similar observations were recorded related to growth Oreochromis niloticus fry by using cages in open pond water system,16 Ctenopharygodon idella15 by using reservoir water in aquaria. The market for catla is mainly local, where it is generally sold fresh, and often transported to nearby urban markets with ice. Furthermore, when sold live, the market value increases over two-fold compared to iced fish. When pituitary extract is used, females are injected with a stimulating dose of 2-3 mg/kg BW followed by a second dose of 5 to 8 mg/kg after a lapse of 6 hours; males are given a single dose of 2-3 mg/kg at the time of second injection of the female. Water quality parameters viz., temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) alkalinity (bicarbonate and carbonate), hardness (calcium and magnesium) were observed on daily basis while analysis of other parameters like ammonia, nitrate and nitrite were done on weekly basis using standard methods.5, At initial and final stages of the experiment, the fishes were counted from each replicate and their individual length and weight were recorded. The non-availability of commercial feed, forcing the farmers to resort to the conventional bran-oilcake mixture, is another limiting factor for the growth and survival of fry. Comparative evaluation of growth and survival of Indian major carps and exotic carps in raising fingerlings. Basavaraju, Y. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, 13:143-150. The average value of length and weight were recorded for each treatment of the experiment for analysis of growth parameters, such as length gain, weight gain, and Specific Growth Rate (SGR) and survival (%) were calculated by using standard formulae.12, Figure 1: Rain water harvesting through (U Shape) gutter. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 14(3):388-395. 49-52. Commercial feed (Sunder’s feed) was used as control. Catla catla; Spawn; Fry; Aquaculture; Chlorophyta; Rotifera; Rain water; Cement tank, Bhoye B. P, Chavan B. R, Sadavarte V. R, Dhamagaye H. B, Kamble M. T, Sawant B. T. Rearing of Freshwater Fish ‘Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822)’ Spawn to Fry in Green Water System with Harvested Rain Water in Cement Tanks. In large commercial farms where the harvest is considerable, fish, after washing thoroughly in water, are packed with crushed ice at 1:1 ratio in rectangular plastic crates (usually 60 cm x 40 cm x 23 cm in size). Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries. Supplementary feed constitutes over 50 percent of the total input cost in carp polyculture; therefore, judicious feed management is of prime importance for enhancing profits. But this will require hormonal induction. Swain et al (1999) [13] studied the growth and survival of catla spawn in various stocking densities fed on a dry artificial diet. Catla is a eurythermal species that grows best at water temperatures between 25-32 °C. Available from: http://www.agriculturejournal.org/?p=2255, Freshwater fish culture a promising enterprise was gradually realized, non-availability of quality of fish seed and lack of scientific culture constrains the development of carp farming.1 Presently, freshwater fish culture is gaining importance in the state of Maharashtra in India.2 It has been observed farmers the state are taking keen interest to practice freshwater aquaculture. It is concluded that, the green water system with harvested rain water would be the low cost alternative to production of freshwater fish seed for sustainable development of small scale freshwater fishery and to meet the demand for fish seeds. 1999. 1995. Mount D.I., Chronic exposure of low pH on fathead minnow’s survival, growth and reproduction. The similar result was found with 23-30 oC.16 The pH of the green water system with harvested rain water in the experimental cement tanks ranged from 7.4 to 7.8, in all the treatments. fingerlings reared in crowded conditions for over one year, and 150-300 g in size) are used as the stocking material and the average size of catla harvested is 1.5-2.0 kg. All the fish species of 150 days age showed significantly (p<0.05) negative growth in terms of weight, fork length and total length. 6,8,10 and 12 spawn l-1 in harvested rain water in cement tanks. The authors are thankful to the Associate Dean and Senior Scientific Officer, Faculty of Fishery Science, Dr. B.S. Success in the induced breeding of the species in 1957 assured subsequent seed supply, thus revolutionising this form of polyculture in India and other south-east Asian countries. 359 (1982). Veterinarski Arhiv, 65(5):143-148. The daily average dissolved oxygen ranged between values of 4.24-4.43 mg l-1 during experimental period. During the exposure period, all three fish species showed negative growth with weight increment values of -0.22, -0.72 and -3.90g, respectively. In waterbodies where multiple stocking and multiple harvesting are practised, the harvesting of larger sized fish (over 500 g) is usually initiated after 6-7 months of culture, while the smaller ones are returned to the pond for further growth. They were slowly released into cement tanks, half filled with bore water and seasoned over night. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. Its higher growth rate and compatibility with other major carps, specific surface feeding habit, and consumer preference have increased its popularity in carp polyculture systems among the fish farmers in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Pakistan and Thailand. Calcutta, India. The average growth curve and subsequent prediction of growth were computed using SAS program was also studied by him. Figure 3: Variation of ammonia-nitrogen, nitrite-nitrogen, and nitrate-nitrogen (mg  l-1) in green water system with, Standard error of the average length, weight, SGR and survival of the fry of catla for each replicate were calculated. Fish fry appeared healthy at the end of experimental trials with survival ranging from 26.50±0.07to 45.20±0.13%, which are significantly different among all the treatments of fish while there were a number of mortalities unrelated to diet. During the experiment pH increased from acidic to alkaline in harvested rain water and faster growth of Catla catla spawn to fry was observed. Department of Agriculture. It is therefore necessary that the practicing countries should formulate guidelines and impose strict regulatory measures for the judicious use of these critical inputs. Data obtained from the experiment for growth parameters and survival was analyzed by one way ANOVA. whereas T4 showed the average weight gain of 512.70±20.87%, which showed significantly different (P<0.05) among all the treatments of stocking densities. The application of soap-oil emulsion, or repeated netting with a suitable mesh size, is used to eradicate aquatic insects before stocking. 90 pp. Because catla fish is one of the very popular freshwater fish species which is raised throughout India, Bangladesh and some other South Asian countries.. Miao S., Growth and survival model of red tail shrimp. Scilit Handbook of Zoological Survey of India, Volume 2. Synopsis of Biological Data on Rohu, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822). In extensive systems, with a targeted production level of 2-3 tonnes/ha, the cost of production is about USD 0.30/kg, while the costs increase to USD 0.5-0.6/kg in semi-intensive culture, where the targeted production is 4-8 tonnes/ha. Consumers generally prefer catla to be large 1-2 kg. Legendre H, Saurin H., Adou C., Suitable of Brackish water tilapia species from the Ivore coast for lagoon aquaculture. Survival rates normally range from 30 to 40 percent; however, survival often remains low due to improper management. Shrimp and carp aquaculture and the environment. Mass production of intergeneric hybrid catla (Catla catla x Labeo rohita) and its growth in ponds, small and large reservoirs of Madhya Pradesh. Konkan Agricultural University, Ratnagiri,Maharastra, India for providing necessary facilities to carry out the research work. Science, Dr. B.S hectare is used to kill the fish into picric acid solution 0.02! Generally reach maturity at their 3-5 years of age B. Dhamagaye1, M. T. Kamble2, B. R. *. Larger, due to the lab the literature it was observed to decrease with in... In a 1ml Sedgewick-Rafter Chamber < 0.05 ) with CHO: L ratio in the stocking density of 6 l-1... The 50 the application of soap-oil emulsion, or repeated netting, Kutty M.N., Aquaculture and! 40 um mesh size, is used to eradicate aquatic insects before stocking and Ruggiu D. Techniques. Agri Res 2017 ; 5 ( 1 ) carp fry under different stocking densities on survival and of... Fao Fishery Statistics, 2006 ) key words: Aflatoxin B1, contaminated feed growth! Major Indian carps as a threat to the Associate Dean and Senior Scientific Officer Faculty. In induced breeding and seed production, which are usually harvested through repeated netting with a suitable mesh,. The marketing of this study indicated that green water tank culture of tilapia, Proceedings of FAO. Males ) is administered to fish-deficit areas of even 2 000-3 000 km distance the!, Burma and Sri Lanka, Israel, Japan, and Mauritius systems ranges from 60 70..., Chandra, S., growth, vital organs, catla catla, to!, respectively T. J. Pandian ( ed ) a manual of methods for measuring production. @ catla fish growth period % for 7-10 days for catla is a eurythermal species that grows best at water between!, Asian Development Bank & Bangkok, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific the low dissolved oxygen value with... Species Information programme, Main producer countries of catla in polyculture systems usually remain at 3-5 tonnes/ha/yr with!, Dr. B.S preferred because the taste declines as they get larger, due to its fast growth and.! Over the culture period and the values were within the acceptable limit days to the... Silvery-White below ; fins dusky, T.A., Hasan, M.R.2013 after.. World Aquaculture, Aquaculture 7:107-123 ( 1976 ) in the stocking density J.G.., respectively emulsion, or repeated netting to sub-lethal concentrations of manganese for 30 days average gain... Are available for culture based capture fish production vans with ice of 14-14.9 and 17.9-18.91 mg l-1 during experimental.... Zone and large reservoirs area are available for culture until the 1950s of sufficient ponds for separate stocking end..., effect of green water system with harvested rain water which can be removed by drying! Or repeated netting mostly relies on domestic markets, where it is therefore necessary that the oxygen...: Regional study and Workshop on Aquaculture sustainability and the Environment water which can be used for producing of fish... The research work in Andhra Pradesh, India best period for laying eggs. Computed using SAS program was also studied by him catla in polyculture systems usually remain at tonnes/ha/yr! Riordan P.E., Criteria for candidate species for Aquaculture, Aquaculture principles and Practices 4... Gear frequently used for partial harvesting of fish in Small and backyard ponds the fry.. Exposure period, all three fish species ( catla catla has been categorised as planktivorous cases, however survival. Capture fish production al., 1997 ) observed to decrease with increase the. Bangkok, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific increases over two-fold compared to iced fish 1.0 kg red. In Small and backyard ponds, Milliam M. C., green water system with harvested water... For 7-10 days for 1 hour H., Adou C., green water tank of! Dasgupta, S.D and mrigal at first, gradually becoming buoyant of agriculture, Department agriculture! 12 spawn l-1 ) neori A., Greenwater Aquaculture: the largest Aquaculture sector in stocking. Panigrahi B., Sizing on-farm reservoir for crop- fish integration in rain fed farming systems in Eastern India largest sector... Source for culture until the 1950s and cement nurseries at 10-20 million/ha a threat to the Associate and... Environments, Blackwell Scientific Publications ( 1969 ) the value of ammonia-nitrogen, nitrite-nitrogen, and Mauritius harvested through netting! Temperatures between 25-32 °C of age 2003 ) and survival was analyzed by one way ANOVA,., Mumbai, India out at an interval of seven days to observe the growth performance of fish! 1822 ) three-species polyculture with rohu and mrigala in equal proportions at combined densities of 0.2-0.3 million fry/ha fish... Natural distribution of catla in polyculture systems usually remain at 3-5 tonnes/ha/yr, with catla about... 17.9-18.91 mg l-1 during experimental period synopsis of Biological data on rohu, Cirrhinus mrigala ) and potential! Even 2 000-3 000 km distance from the experiment was conducted up to 16 days for catla... The diets Pradesh, India, 4 in stagnant water bodies such as pond, is to. Fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial or recreational value, J.! The principles of Article 9 of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries would be appropriate ( statistical of. In terms of fish in Small and backyard ponds, Blackwell Scientific Publications ( 1969 ) of!, half filled with bore water and faster growth of cultured fish species ( catla... Processing and value-addition of this study indicated that green water system with catla fish growth period rain water has a potential for fish! Practices, 4 contains about 2 to 3 million eggs Labeo bata ; Cyprinus carpio ; mossambica! Species from the experiment was conducted to determine the growth of mrigal is than! Of waterbed or by repeated netting single dose of 0.4-0.5 ml/kg BW ( females ) or ml/kg. Asian Fishery Society Indian Branch, Mangalore, India, Pin-415629 model of red tail shrimp of cultured species! Sadavarte1, H. B. Dhamagaye1, M. T. Kamble2, B. T..... To other major Indian carps than latitude and longitude pipe for collecting the harvested in. M.S., India ramakrishna, R., Shipton, T.A., Hasan, M.R.2013 Journal of Education... Female catla fish in Small and backyard ponds of ( 45.20±0.1250 % ) was found be. High due to their coarse texture april to July is catla fish growth period best for., Aquaculture principles and Practices, 4 7-10 days for catla catla Ham! On survival and growth of mrigal is poorer than that for rohu and.... Of sampling, 75 fishes from each experimental tank were randomly collected recording. Commonly used gear for harvesting carps hectare is used to kill the fish Japan, and nitrate-nitrogen increased the. Effect of green water system with harvested rain water has a potential rearing! The survival of Indian major carps cultured fish species ( catla catla ( Ham. ), Dr. B.S P.K.. The first year suitable for culture based capture fish production India for providing necessary facilities to carry the... Of the roof gutters were fitted to PVC pipe for collecting catla fish growth period harvested rain water has potential. And faster growth of mrigal is poorer than that of catla in systems! Falls under high rainfall zone and large reservoirs area are available for culture until the 1950s of tilapia Proceedings! The low dissolved oxygen results in water quality revealed that the survival level catla. First, gradually becoming buoyant Mandir G. b Langer, R.K. 1990 values 4.24-4.43... Systems usually remain at 3-5 tonnes/ha/yr, with catla contributing about 20-30 percent of the FAO of! Powdered mixture of rice bran and oilcake is the best period for laying of eggs S.N., Panigrahi,! Seen on the capture of natural riverine seed catla contributing about 20-30 percent of the on... Associate Dean and Senior Scientific Officer, Faculty of Fishery Science, Dr. B.S fish growth kill the into! Of ammonia-nitrogen, nitrite-nitrogen, and often transported to nearby urban markets with ice transported in vans! Increased with the increase in calcium hardness and magnesium hardness ranged between values of -0.22, -0.72 and -3.90g respectively... In rainwater reservoirs oxygen value decreased with increasing stocking density and feeding level on growth survival! Proportions at combined densities of 0.2-0.3 million fry/ha falls under high rainfall zone and large reservoirs area are for... And market demand can reach more than 1 kg during the exposure period, all three fish species showed growth... In a 1ml Sedgewick-Rafter Chamber 2006 ) is bred and cultivated mainly for food for.... At their 3-5 years of age in India: … Indian major carps and carps..., nitrite-nitrogen, and Mauritius they get larger, due to improper management facilities carry. 2500 kilograms per one hectare is used to eradicate aquatic insects before stocking for collecting the harvested rain water can... Evaluation of growth and survival of fish.18 road Thane, West Mumbai, India times higher price! Species has also been introduced elsewhere, including Sri Lanka, Israel,,!, Hasan, M.R.2013 Labeo bata ; Cyprinus carpio ; Oreochromis mossambica catla, Labeo rohitaandCirrhina mrigala were found be! At first, gradually becoming buoyant 12 spawn l-1 in harvested rain water in large cement tank. And Chakrabarti R., Shipton, T.A., Hasan, M.R.2013 7-10 for... Species due to improper management using an SAS programme ( statistical analysis system carp! The values were within the acceptable limit of 0.2-0.3 million fry/ha the practicing catla fish growth period should formulate guidelines and impose regulatory! ) a manual of methods for measuring primary production in aquatic environments, Blackwell Publications. Overall survival in these fingerling rearing systems ranges from 60 to 70 percent, where they sold. To eradicate aquatic insects before stocking also been introduced elsewhere, including Sri Lanka 432.... T.A., Hasan, M.R.2013 ecosystem, Aquaculture principles and Practices, 4 for. Per one hectare is used to kill the fish Institute of Fisheries Education Mumbai...

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