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hebrews 7:1 commentary

It is indeed the Eternal Spirit, the Spirit of Christ Himself, through Whom all was wrought and in due time recorded. We must take the narrative of Moses just as it stands. Unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils: this greatness is evinced by Abraham’s (the patriarch, chief of all the fathers of Israel, whom the Hebrews esteemed above all others, John 8:53, and God owns as his friend, and sets all believers under his fatherhood) giving, as a due to Melchisedec, being the greater person in office, the tenth of all the spoils, that which was due to God, and paid to him as God’s high priest: akroyiniwn notes either the first or choicest of the heaps of grains, especially the first-fruits dedicated to God; but here signifieth that part of the spoils which, according to the custom of war in most nations, after the victory, were offered to God as his part, whether they did consist of persons or things: the tenth part of these were given by him to, Melchisedec, as the greatest priest of God in the world, and superior to himself. a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec, and declared to be so by his entrance within the veil in heaven at his ascension, he reasoneth it out by showing what this Melchisedec was. And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. : Amraphel, Arioch, Chedorlaomer and Tidal, i.e., Khammurabi, Eriaku, Kudurlachgumal and Tudchula. A free Bible Commentary on the Letter to the Hebrews in Easy English. To this end he shows, that antecedently to the giving of the law, and the institution of the Levitical priesthood, God had, without any respect thereto, given a typical prefiguration of this priesthood of Christ, in one who was on all accounts superior to the future Levitical priests. Remember that the Jews were extremely accurate and meticulous in examining the qualifications of one who would be the high priest. without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. He offered the sacrifices, burnt incense, and blessed the people. This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward, the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. But a special argument is made in connection with the priesthood of Melchisedec. Hebrews 7:1-3 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (1) Genesis 14:17-20 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (2) Hebrews 7:1-10 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (3) Hebrews 7:11-19 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (4) Hebrews 7:20-28 The Exalted Status of Our High Priest; Hebrews 8:1-13 Hebrews and the New Covenant; Hebrews 9:1-10 The Sanctuary and the Services Our Hebrews are on the spot, and can look back through the Antitype to his primeval type, the primitive “King of righteousness” and “peace.” Wordsworth, indeed, objects that Jerusalem, being the special locality of the Hebrew theocracy, was not the proper place for a universal representative priest; but that is forgetting that Jerusalem was then not Hebrew but Gentile. The record is not that he was like the Son of God, but that (vs. 3) he was made like unto the Son of God, (in having no earthly origin given). Our Hebrews are on the spot, and can look back through the Antitype to his primeval type, the primitive “King of righteousness” and “peace.” Wordsworth, indeed, objects that Jerusalem, being the special locality of the Hebrew theocracy, was not the proper place for a universal representative priest; but that is forgetting that Jerusalem was then not Hebrew but Gentile. The present argument, therefore, is concerning that remarkable character. 7:4 But s… We read of no resignation of his office, or of the succesion of any person to him therein; and thus he remaineth a priest for ever. (111) It hence follows, that out of his kingdom nothing but sin reigns among men. For we have not a high priest that cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but one that hath been in all points tempted like as we are, sin apart.". Hebrews 7:17, ἐξῆλθε δὲ βασιλεὺς σοδόμων εἰς συνάντησιν αὐτῷ μετὰ τὸ ὑποστρέψαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς, κ. τ. λ. King of Salem, means King of Peace. The Jews made great claim of being related to Abraham, yet this verse (citing Genesis 14:18-20) shows that Melchisedec blessed Abraham. Not to take up the history of Melchizedek and allegorise each part, but to point out the full meaning of the comparison made in the prophecy, which declares the priesthood of the future King to be “after the order of Melchizedek—i.e., to be such as the priesthood of Melchizedek typically set forth. "The whole place Melchizedek occupies in sacred history is one of the most remarkable proofs of the inspiration and the unity of Scripture, as written under the direct supernatural guidance of the Holy Spirit. The whole order is occupied by himself. "De 32:8 Ps 9:2-5 21:7 47:2-4 56:2,3 82:6,8 83:16-18 91:9-12" "2Sa 22:14,15 Da 5:18"--Scofield Bible p. Virgil (Æn., iii. 'Da 4:35,37 Isa 14:13,14 Mt 28:18" (b) the earthly authority of El Elyon (e.g.) Melchizedek is a mystery-man, but part of the problem is failing to understand the Hebrew idiom and reading too much into the words. He had proved before, that Christ was far more excellent than Moses; that he was as properly called of God an high-priest as was Aaron; and that the Christian rest was promised also to the Jews: and now he undertakes to shew the dignity and excellence of the Christian high-priest to be infinitely superior to and greater than that of Aaron, or the Levitical high-priests. He is traveling through the wilderness with the people of God before they come into the land of their inheritance. (It is idle to contend that Melchizedek was not connected with sacrifice but with blessing only: Gen. 14 (quoted above), Heb. His priesthood is, then, after the order of Melchizedek, not after the order of Aaron (7:11). FULL UNFOLDING OF THE HIGH PRIESTHOOD, Hebrews 7:1 to Hebrews 10:18. 1), and Son of Man (Ch. WE MUST SAY EARNESTLY that in view of these words concerning Melchizedek in Chapter 5:11: "Of whom we have many things to say, and hard of interpretation," we need to approach this subject with earnest prayer for light and for wisdom from Heaven. It is certain he was a man who lived by bread and wine, as well as Abraham, and received tithes from him becoming a man. Hebrews 7:1-10 Christ, a Priest after the order of Melchisedec, is, proved to be of a more excellent order than that of, Aaron, from the character of Melchisedec, and his. His name means, King of righteousness (Calvary); his position, and then also King of Salem, means King of Peace (the result of Calvary). According to Aristotle (Pol., iii. continueth a priest for ever. For this Melchisedec — Of whom Moses speaks, Genesis 14:18, &c., (the passage to which David refers,) was king of Salem — “According to Josephus, (Antiq. Observe, 2. In N.T. (110), The first likeness is in the name; for it was not without a mystery that he was called the King of righteousness. He succeeds no one in office and no one succeeds him. Here note, That the first personal instituted type of Christ, was Melchizedek, as priest; for in his kingly office he was not so directly typical of Christ. Blessed him—The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. “from the slaughter,” rather “overthrow”; “Niederwerfung” (Weizsäcker); “clades rather than caedes” (Vaughan) translating in Genesis 14:17, , “the kings”; well-known from Genesis 14, viz. Dec 8, 1996. The author of Hebrews faced the problem of how to convince his readers to stay true to Christ. Read Introduction to Hebrews. King of Salem.—Jewish tradition affirms strongly that this Salem occupied the site on which Jerusalem afterwards stood; and certainly Salem is a poetic name of Jerusalem (Psalms 76:2). This, however, is now denied, see Moore, Judges, p. 413, who says that the common opinion that Jebus was the native name of the city, has no real ground in O.T. Returning from the slaughter.—Rather, from the smiting, or defeat. Melchizedek, as priest of God Most High, acts doubly: (1) He calls the blessing of God Most High upon Abraham; and then (2) he blesses God Most High. Note here, The aniquity of tithes, and how very ancient they were paid in Abraham's time, long before the ceremonial law, and therefore cannot be said to be Jewich and Levitical. is the ancient name of this city. Note that Melchizedek blessed Abraham. 1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, . Named eight times in Hebrews (besides Gen. 14 and Ps. "May God teach us to know what it means that Christ is our Melchizedek, a Priest forever. At the end of the last chapter, that he might return from his digression to his subject, he quoted again the passage from the Psalms; and now he enters fully into what he had before slightly referred to; for he enumerates particularly the things connected with Melchisedec, in which he resembled Christ. In 7:1–28, the author carefully explains the relationship between Jesus and Melchizedek, which was introduced in 5:10 just before the lengthy warning passage of … 1.For this Melchisedec, etc. This was that which our apostle did principally design to confirm from hence, namely, that there was in the Scripture, before the institution of the Aaronical priesthood, a representation of an eternal, unchangeable priesthood, to be introduced into the church; which demonstrated to be that of Jesus Christ, of which Melchizedek's priesthood was a type. To such a degree is the antiquity of the Assyrians uncertain abroad, which L. Offerhaus speciously discusses in the second book of his Spicilegia.— εὐλογήσας) LXX. 14.). The argument of this book is based on both contrasts and likenesses between the two systems. ’s background (1-3) II. It becomes necessary, then, to the student of Hebrews to inquire what this "order of Melchizedek" means, prophesies, and anticipates; and none the less to inquire what is that priestly work in which our Lord is now occupied which was set forth in type in Aaron's priesthood. —The celebrated Jewish traveller, Joseph Wolfe, “no mean authority on such a subject,” is quoted by Mr. Grove, in Smith’s Biblical Dictionary, as expressing the belief that, is here not the name of a place but a part of Melchizedek’s title. kope. Hebrews 7:26-28 and spotless innocence, of the person. The blessing which he pronounced on the patriarch is recorded. Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study. The monuments show us that these kings were contemporaries two thousand three hundred years B.C., and furnish many interesting particulars regarding them; see Driver in Authority and Archaeology, pp. The capital seat in his kingdom was Salem, the name likely of both his city and territory; not that Salem of the Sichemites, Genesis 33:18, afterwards called Shechem, demolished and sown with salt by Abimelech, Jude 9:34,45; in John the Baptist’s time raised again, and called Salem, John 3:23. i.e. 1), and a maternal genealogy (Lk. and reading too much into the words. The Spirit now proceedeth to prove, that the gospel High Priest is of a far more excellent order than that of Aaron’s, by his being of the order of Melchisedec, of witore they had read, and whom they had in great esteem, and after whose order they were assured, by the prophet David, another Priest was to rise up in the church, rendering Aaron’s priesthood useless, and continuing the only means of reconciling sinners, and bringing them to eternal life, to whom they must cleave. The apostle proceeds unto other instances in the description of Melchizedek, wherein he was made like unto the Son of God, Hebrews 7:3. About this Melchizedek more puerile speculation has been written, extending from Hierax to Alford, than has been expended upon any human character in Scripture. And therefore Zechariah, when he introduces him, as by the solemn decree of God, into the possession of his kingdom, thus extols him, —, “Rejoice, O daughter of Sion, Behold thy righteous King Hebrews 7:1-4 King James Version (KJV) 7 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; 2:12). Thus by tithes Abraham confessed Melchizedek's superiority, for (vs. 7): Without any dispute the less is blessed of the better. cometh to thee,” (Zechariah 2:10;). See Genesis 14:18-20. And the excellency of this blessing cannot be sufficiently estimated, unless you consider on the other hand, how miserable a thing it is to be tormented by constant inquietude; which must necessarily be the case until we have our consciences pacified by being reconciled to God through Christ. induced the necessity of a change to one more perfect. Ian Mackervoy. 7:1), the hosts of the Mesopotamian country that had overwhelmed Lot and the cities of the plain. [On the historicity of Genesis 14, see Buchanan Gray in Expositor, May, 1898, and Driver, Authority and Archaeology, pp. also Dalman, Words of Jesus, p. 198; and especially Charles’ edition of Book of Jubilees, pp. Observe, 5. It hence follows that wherever Christ’s kingdom extends, there peace ought to be, as we find in Isaiah 2:1, and in other places. Our Lord exercised priestly functions of care and prayer for His own during His earthly life. Melchizedek is here described by his office; he was king of Salem, and a priest of the Most High God; yea, the first that was so by special institution and separated to the office by God's approbation? The Jews conceived him to be Shem, the second son of Noah, which this scripture denieth, for his genealogy is well known in it. And he is, as an historic picture, forever there divinely suspended, the very image of a perpetual king-priest. The conviction of Calvin and a host of careful commentators is a true one, that his having neither beginning of days nor end of life is a descriptive clause of the same character as without father, without mother, without genealogy. In the Ordo Temporum, p. 176, I have taken τὴν κοπὴν, in the strict sense, for the slaughter and destruction of the kings; but the meaning, flight, is also one consistent with the word הכות (LXX. See last note above. Hebrews 7:1. Calvary South Denver 8,157 views. 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:17). He met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. He blessed him, And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. Christ (Zechariah 6:13) unites these offices in their highest sense. And learn hence, that this signal prefiguration of Christ, in the nations of the world, at the same time when Abraham received the promises for himself and his posterity, gave a pledge and assurance of the certain future call of the Gentiles unto an interest in him and participation of him. 1. The context explains the relationship between Jesus’ and Melchizedek’s priesthood, which is superior to the Levitical priesthood. 7:15, 17, 24, and 27--"when He offered up Himself": these verses concern Christ after the order of Melchizedek! This "order" is contrasted in Chapter 7:11 with that of Aaron, as we shall see. The expression without genealogy simply means that his genealogy is not given, for from vs. 6 it is evident that he had genealogy: whose genealogy is not counted from them (the sons of Levi). But though Melchizedek, as a man, had father and mother, yet as a priest he had no predecessor nor successor; no predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood from him: Now herein also was Melchizedek, and illustrious type of Christ, who derived his priesthood from no mortal predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood, together with his kingdom, to God the Father, who gave him both. But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! (b) a 'Gentile' is the priest of El Elyon and (c) His distinctive 'character' as most high God is 'possessor of heaven and earth.' ... As "possessor of heaven and earth," the most high God has and exercises authority in both spheres: (a) the heavenly authority of El Elyon (e.g.) . It may be that the result of these speculations has been to invest this chapter with a mystery which does not belong to it. He could not be a Jewish high priest. This fact has special meaning to a Jew. He was not "after the order of Aaron" at any time, though of course in the types such as the Day of Atonement, blood sacrifice was set forth. —The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. Discussion Questions. Next, He was saluted at resurrection by God as "Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek" (7:17). The language of the LXX. Wordsworth endeavours to identify Salem with Shechem, which was, indeed, a most memorable spot in patriarchal times, but he only shows a Salem near Shechem, yet not Shechem itself. A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it.The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. Before entering upon this subject we may advert to the opinion which has been advanced that Melchisedec was the Son of God. Melchizedek is revealed, in his person and ministry, to Abraham, the great-grandfather of Levi, Aaron's ancestor. --The Holiest of All, An Exposition of Hebrews, Andrew Murray. (7:1; Genesis 14:1-24) From the booty he and his slaves had taken from the invaders, Abraham gave a tenth of everything to Melchizedek. "The king's dale" (2 Samuel 18:18), identified in Genesis 14:17 with Shaveh, is placed by Josephus and tradition near Jerusalem. www.easyenglish.bible. (See Isaiah 9:6.). Whether Salem stands for Jerusalem or for Salim in the vale of Shechem, John 3:23, has been disputed from Epiphanius downwards. 7 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. ’ “priest of the Most High God”. After Melchizedek, "priest of God Most High, brought forth bread and wine" ... and blessed Abram in Genesis 14, God waits a thousand years, and then Melchizedek appears in Psalm 110:4, where God says: "Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a Priest forever After the order of Melchizedek.". He met Abraham and blessed him, after the slaughter of the kings who had taken Lot, his nephew, prisoner. Again, Christ was a high priest after the order of Melchisedec; if then he were Melchisedec he was made a high priest after his own order. that the group of shadowings appears. Wordsworth endeavours to identify Salem with Shechem, which was, indeed, a most memorable spot in patriarchal times, but he only shows a Salem, Shechem, yet not Shechem itself. 110), superseding and preceding Aaron and all the Levitical economy, his place is exceeding high. Melchizedek, we read, "brought forth bread and wine: and he was priest of God Most High" (Gen. 14:18). But, the scripture speaks of another priestly order, which formed no part of the Jewish priesthood. The most high God - called also "Possessor of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:19; Genesis 14:22). He is preceded and succeeded by an everlasting silence, so as to present neither beginning nor end of life. It implies that the God whom Melchisedek served is THE TRUE GOD, not one of the gods of the pagan. There are other Salems mentioned as competitors for this honour, but their claims are very slender. Greek. Priest of the most high God—A dignitary of high rank; both king and priest, worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. Abraham was, at the time of meeting Melchizedek, returning from the region of Damascus to his home at Mamre, or Hebron, and would pass in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. But Boscawen (First of Empires, p. 179) disputes the identification of Amraphel with Khammurabi. Adonizedek ('lord of righteousness'), king of Jerusalem, was plainly a successor of Melchisedek. And blessed him - Blessed him as a priest of God; blessed him in such a manner as to imply acknowledged superiority; see Hebrews 7:1. This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. It is said simply that when Abraham was returning from a successful military expedition, this man, who it seems was well known, and who was respected as a priest of God, came out to express his approbation of what he had done, and to refresh him with bread and wine. The topics by which he proves this, are, that the same priest now abideth always, and does not die, as the Aaronical priests do; and that he has no sins of his own to offer for, as they had. I. Others take him to be one of the posterity of Japhet, the father of the Gentiles: In the midst of these sinners, above others, was Melchizedek raised up as an illustrious type of Christ, the promised Messiah. , the description given in this verse is taken verbatim [with the needed grammatical alterations] from Genesis 14:17-19. Mary was the mother of Jesus, but it is blasphemy to call her "the mother of God." The most high God.—A title characteristic of the narrative (Genesis 14:18-20; Genesis 14:22). . Melchisedec, after whose order Christ had been declared to be a priest, was king of Salem. For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of God Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace, without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God) abideth a priest continually. We think of the word "order" as denoting inheritance, or succession; but here it denotes character of being, and office. As, , Melchizedek was, doubtless, an Amorite prince, and a descendant of Ham. It is most probable that he was a mortal man, and a Canaanite, but yet a most righteous man, and a priest of the most high God by special dispensation; and that Chedorlaomer and the other kings that over ran the country, and spoiled it, forbare, out of reverence to the man and his office, to meddle with Melchisedec’s territories. Of Melchizedek we know nothing beyond what we learn from the brief narrative of Genesis 14. This was, probably, Jerusalem, but of this we can have no certainty, nor is it of the smallest importance in order to our entering into the meaning of the Apostle. Calvary South Denver 8,113 views. The author had argued Christ's superiority to Moses and the fact that Christianity was the fulfillment of the promise for a better rest. Aaron, on the other hand, is connected constantly with sacrifices. His place of residence was Salem, afterwards called Jerusalem, in the land of Canaan, Joshua 10:1. Hebrews 7:1-10, The True King of Righteousness - Duration: 59:24. 59:24. For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him. Now they are being asked to accept Jesus as High Priest. The matter of blessing is laid down, Genesis 14:19. He blessed Abraham, "who had the promises" (vss. They were being tempted to return to Judaism and abandon their faith in Christ. None went before him, and none succeeded him in his office. So in the only other cases in which it is found in the New Testament-namely, the demoniac and the divining damsel confessing other gods are false, and God alone is to be exalted (Mark 5:7; Acts 16:17).

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